S/NO NAME QUALIFICATIONS RANK
- Dr. D. E. Odiase MB.BS, M.Sc Lecturer I/Ag. HOD
- Prof. D. Baxter-Grillo L.R.C.P.I, L.R.C.S.I,
DCH, FNCS, Ph.D
- Dr. J. E. Ataman MB.BS, M.Sc.(Dem),
M.Sc. (Anat), Ph.D
- Dr. G. I. Eze MB.BS, M.Sc. Ph.D.,
- Dr. C. L. Sakpa MB.BS; M.Sc., Ph.D,
- Mr. S. O. Innih B.Sc.; M.Sc. Lecturer I
- Mr. V. C. Ezeuko B.Sc.; M.Sc. Lecturer I
- Dr. A. R. O. Ehimigbai MB.BS, M.Sc Lecturer 1
- Mr. A. B. Enogieru B.Sc.; M.Sc. Lecturer 1
- Mr. S. I. Omoruyi B.Sc.; M.Sc. Lecturer I
- Mr. O. I. Momodu B.Sc.; M.Sc. Lecturer I
- Mrs. T. J. Oyedeji B.Sc.; M.Sc. Lecturer I
- Dr. E. E. Ighalo MB.BS, M.Sc Lecturer I
- Dr. Mrs. V.E. Oigbochie MB.BS, M.Sc Lecturer I
- Dr. E. Obayuwana B.Sc, MB.BS, M.Sc Lecturer II
- Dr. U. O. Idemudia MB.BS, M.Sc Lecturer II
- Dr. Mrs. E. T. Lawal MB.BS, M.Sc Lecturer II
- Dr. E. O. Imafidon MB.BS Lecturer II
- Dr. Mrs. M. B. Ehi-Omosun MB.BS Lecturer II
- Miss. R. A. Orheruata B.Sc. Graduate Assistant
- Miss A. Ejeguo B.Sc. Graduate Assistant
LIST OF TECHNICAL STAFF
1 Mrs. S. I. Osama B.Sc. (Microbiology) Laboratory Technologist II
2 Mr. O. O. Akeredolu B.Sc. (Anatomy) Laboratory Technologist II
3 Mr. O. W. Aiyevbomwan B.Sc. (Anatomy) Prosector II
4 Mr. S. O. Edigin G.C.E. O/L Senior Laboratory Supervisor
5 Mr. M. Ehiorobo G.C.E. O/L Senior Laboratory Supervisor
6 Mr. O. Edigin G.C.E. O/L Laboratory Supervisor
7 Mr. F. Ehigiamusoe G.C.E. O/L Laboratory Supervisor
8 Mr. L. Okoro G.C.E. O/L Laboratory Assistant
9 Mr. O. Ikpehia G.C.E. O/L Laboratory Assistant
10 Mr. C. Oshiole G.C.E. O/L Laboratory Assistant
LIST OF NON-ACADEMIC STAFF
S/NO NAME QUALIFICATIONS RANK
1 Mr. V. O. Igbafe B.A Administrative Assistant
2 Mrs. H. Aghama B.Sc. Senior Executive Officer
3 P. A. Ehizojie (Esq.) LL.B, B.L,LLM Senior Executive Officer
4 Miss. J. O. Eghomwan GCE O/L Clerical Officer
PHILOSOPHY AND OBJECTIVES:
The Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) programme in Human Anatomy is designed to provide
adequate and intensive training in human and cell biology of related disciplines in
health sciences such as Physiology, Biochemistry, Radiology, Medical Laboratory
Sciences, Nursing Science, Physiotherapy, and Social science. Teaching will be
clinically oriented to ensure that products of the programme would be able to render
the most required assistance as Anatomy teachers in medical institutions, research and
hospital laboratories. Graduates of the programme will be well equipped with
sufficient theoretical and practical knowledge and thus eligible for higher degree
studies in any aspect of Anatomy and its related discipline.
PHILOSOPHY, OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE
The objective of the anatomy course is to provide the undergraduate student with a
programme of course works and techniques that will enable him to become scholarly
contributors to the field of Anatomy. It is anticipated that many of the graduate would
advance further to become teachers of Anatomy. However, some may choose to go
into positions in government laboratories and in physical and health education sectors
as well as in sports.
The human Anatomy course is designed to provide the undergraduate student with
basic knowledge of several sub-disciplines of anatomy, including gross anatomy,
developmental anatomy (embryology), cell biology, histology and neuroanatomy.
Core courses in other areas of biomedical science ensure a broad area in which to build
a research career.
The science of Anatomy is the study of the form and structure of the living body and
the organs, which form it. It also entails the regulations of these structures in relation
to their functions and external environment. The science of human anatomy forms the
foundation of the science of medicine and other human biological studies. It is a field
of study, which is still dependent on technique, and a corpus of observations but it is
capable of correlation with other fields of study in the science of medicine and human
DEGREE PROGRAMME AND REQUIREMENTS
The degree programme will last three years for direct entry students and four years
for students admitted through UTME. To be eligible for admission to a degree of B.Sc.
in Anatomy, a candidate should have
a. Satisfied the normal University requirements.
b. Satisfied the approved school of basic medical science requirements in respect of
work load, registration for courses and programme duration.
Satisfied the departmental requirements as contained below.
FIRST YEAR (100L) COURSES FOR THE DEPARTMENTS OF ANATOMY,
MEDICAL BIOCHEMISTRY, MEDICAL LABORATORY SCIENCE, NURSING
SCIENCE, PHYSIOLOGY, PHYSIOTHERAPY AND RADIOGRAPHY AND
RADIATION SCIENCE IN THE SCHOOL.
COURSE TITLE COURSE
AEB111 Introductory Zoology 4
BMS111 Elementary Mathematics 2
CHM111 General Chemistry I 3
CHM113 Organic Chemistry I 3
GST111 Use of English I 2
GST112 Philosophy & Logic 2
PBB111 Introduction to Plant Biology I 3
PHY111 Mechanics, Thermal Physics & Properties
PHY113 Vibrations, Waves & Optics 3
COURSE TITLE COURSE
AEB122 Functional Zoology 4
CHM122 General Chemistry II 3
CHM124 Organic Chemistry II 3
GST121 Peace Studies and Conflicts Resolution 2
GST122 Nigerian People & Culture 2
GST123 History & Philosophy of Science and
PBB122 Introduction to Plant Biology II 3
PHY109 Practical Physics 2
PHY124 Electromagnetism and Modern Physics 4
All Courses Are Core At This Level.
Total course credit for the Session: 50
DESCRIPTION OF FIRST YEAR COURSES FOR FIRST DEGREE
AEB111: INTRODUCTORY ZOOLOGY (4 Credits)
Man population growth and impact on the biosphere. Faunal biodiversity.
Invertebrate – protozoa, coelenterate, platyhelminthes, annelida, mollusca,
Vertebrata – Cephalochordata, pisces, amphibian, reptilia, aves, mammalia.
Mammalian anatomy: anatomy of rattus rattus.
BMS111: ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS 1 (2 Credits)
Polynomials and their factorization, rational function. Trigonometry definitions and
elementary properties of trigonometric function, radian measure, periodicity of
identities. Formulas for sum, product and quotient. The chain rule. Differentiation of
definite and indefinite algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions
maxims and minima, tangential and normal. Fundamental theory of calculus, simple
application to areas and volumes, Methods of integration.
CHM111: GENERAL CHEMISTRY 1 (3 Credits)
Relationship of chemistry to other sciences, Atoms, sub-atomic particles, isotopes,
molecules, Avogadro’s number, Mole concept. Dalton’s theory. Modern concepts of
atomic theory. Laws of chemical combination. Relative atomic masses.
Introduction to nuclear reactions, Nuclear binding energy, fusion and fission
States of Matter: Gases, gas laws, general gas equation, liquids and solids.
Introduction to lattice structure. Isomorphism, giant molecules.
Introduction to the periodic table, hydrogen and hydrides, chemistry of groups: 0. I,II
elements. Acid-Base properties of oxides.
CHM113: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I (3 Credits)
General principles of organic chemistry: Definition, classification, homologous series,
functional groups; General procedure for isolation and Purification of organic
compounds, Structure of organic compounds, Elemental analysis, percentage
composition, empirical and molecular formula, structural formula.
Isomerism: structural and stereoisomerism; Electronic theory in organic chemistry. Non-polar functional groups: Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes, Benzene.
Nomenclature: Common names, IUPAC names; Introduction too petrochemistry,
Coal tar chemistry.
GST111: USE OF ENGLISH 1 (2 Credits)
Modes and methods of effective communication in English. Use of literary works to
improve communication skills. Development of reading and writing skills. Note
taking and summarizing from oral English and written instructions on lexis.
Collection for written assignments.
GST112: PHILOSOPHY AND LOGIC (2 Credits)
Introduction to the main branches of philosophy, symbolic logic. Special symbol in
symbolic logic. Conjugation, negation, affirmation, disjunction, equivalence and
conditional statements. Law of thought. Method of deduction using rules of inference
and biconditional qualification theory.
PBB111: INTRODUCTION TO PLANT BIOLOGY I (3 Credits)
Morphology and life circle of plant and animals. A general study of plant and animal
groups from virus, algae/fungi to chordates. Structural and functional study of plants
and animal cells, tissues, organs and systems. Taxonomic, physiological and
developmental studies of plant and animals. Reproduction, genetic, hereditary
substances, mechanism of nuclear division and stem cell formation. Evolution and
natural selection. Biology practicals and demonstrations.
PHY111: MECHANICS, THERMAL PHYSICS AND PROPERTIES OF MATTER
Scalars and vectors: Addition and Resolution of Vectors. Rectilinear Motion and
Newton’s laws of Motion. Inertial mass and gravitational Mass; Free fall; projectile
motion, deflecting forces and circular motion. Newton’s law of Gravitation; Satellites,
escape velocity. Gravitational Potential well; special case of circular motion. Laws of
thermodynamics and thermal energy, temperature, calorimetry, change of state,
critical points. Heat transfer, conduction, convection and radiation. Blackbody
radiation. Gas laws. Kinetic theory of gases. Model for matter; surface energy and
surface tension, plastic deformation; thermal and electrical properties of metals.
PHY113: VIBRATIONS, WAVES AND OPTICS (3 Credits)
Periodic motion of an oscillator; velocity and acceleration of a sinusoidal oscillation,
equation of motion of a simple harmonic oscillator: damped oscillations, forced
oscillations, resonance, and propagation of longitudinal and transverse vibrations.
Wave behaviour; Reflection of waves, stationary waves, propagation of straight and
circular pulses, Fibre optics. Diffraction, Refraction, Dispersion, Interference,
Wave and Light: Mirrors, Lenses, formation of images, lenses in contact microscope,
telescope, chromatic and spherical aberrations and their reduction. Dispersion by
prisms; relation between colour and wavelength, spectra.
AEB122: FUNCTIONAL ZOOLOGY (4 Credits)
Embryology–gametogenesis, fertilization and cleavage as demonstrated by
Amphioxus, Genetics: the cell and distribution of genetic material, mitosis, meiosis,
meiosis inheritance, sex determination and sex linked inheritance. Histology. Cells,
tissues, organ formation and main features. Physiology: functioning of mammalian
skin, muscles/skeleton, alimentary system/nutritional requirements and deficiencies.
CHM122: GENERAL CHEMISTRY II (3 Credits)
Acids, Bases and salts. Quantitative and qualitative analysis. Theory of volumetric
analysis-operations and methods. Calculations: mole, molarity, molality. Behavior of
electrolytes. Water. Colligative properties. Ostwald’s dilution law. Arthenius,
Bronsted-Lowry, lewis concepts and applications. Buffers – introduction to reaction
rates. Equilibria and equilibrium constants. Solubility products. Common effects.
Precipitation reactions, Chemistry of Redox reactions.
CHM124: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II (3 Credits)
Polar function group chemistry. Hydroxyl group carbonyl group, carboxylic group
Carboxylic acid derivatives and amino acids. Miscellanceous topics – fats and oils,
amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates and natural products.
GST121: PEACE STUDIES AND CONFLICTS RESOLUTION (2 Credits)
GST122: NIGERIAN PEOPLE AND CULTURE (2 Credits)
History, norms and cultural characteristics of African and the Nigerian society in
particular, role of culture in the behaviors of Nigerian. The African society,
development, migration, large and small rural movements and its effect on man and
disease, the Nigerian rural and urban societies and diseases. Changing patterns of
diseases in rural and urban societies. Changing moral values. Cultural nationalism
and political evolution of African states. concepts of religion in humanistic functions.
Role and concepts of functional education in national development.
GST123: HISTORY & PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
PBB122: INTRODUCTION TO PLANT BIOLOGY II (3 Credits)
The general morphology, anatomy, histology and physiology of flowering plants, seed
structure, dispersal and germination: development of primary and secondary plant
body; water relations; photosynthesis, translocation, and storage organs, respiration.
PHY109: PRACTICAL PHYSICS (2 Credits)
Students are expected to carry out a minimum of 12 major experiments covering the
main aspects of the courses taken in the year.
PHY124: ELECTROMAGNETISM AND MODERN PHYSICS (4 Credits)
Electromagnetism – electric field: strength, flux and the inverse square law;
electrostatic force between two charged particles; flux model for the electric field.
Energy stored in an electric field, electrical potential due to dipole.
Steady direct current: Simple circuits, potential difference, resistance, power,
electromotive force, Kirchoff’s laws, Potential divider, slide wire potentiometer,
bridge circuits, combining resistances.
Capacitors; Capacitance, combination of dielectrics, energy store
Electromagnetic effects: Electromagnetic forces, electric motors, moving coil
galvanometer, ammeter, voltmeter, electromagnetic induction, dynamo.
Alternating currents: Simple AC circuit, transformers, motors and alternating
Magnetic field: The field at the center of a current carrying flat coil, of a current
carrying solenoid, outside a long solenoid; flux model and magnetic fields.
SECOND YEAR (200L) COURSES FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF ANATOMY
COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE COURSE CREDIT
ANT210 General Anatomy and Gross Anatomy of the
ANT211 Gross Anatomy of Thorax 2
ANT212 Basic Histology & Cytology 2
ANT213 General Embryology 2
MBC210 Introductory Biochemistry 2
MBC211 Introductory Analytical Techniques 2
PHS211 Introductory and General Physiology 2
PHS212 Blood and Body fluid Physiology 2
PHS213 Cardiovascular System 2
PHS214 Respiratory Physiology 2
COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE COURSE CREDIT
ANT220 Gross Anatomy of the Abdomen, Pelvis and
ANT221 Gross Anatomy of the Lower Limbs 2
ANT222 Systemic Histology 1 3
ANT223 Systemic Embryology 1 3
MBC220 Carbohydrate & Lipid Metabolism 3
MBC223 Amino acid & Protein Metabolism 3
MBC225 Protein Chemistry & Enzymology 3
PHS221 Renal Physiology 2
PHS222 Gastrointestinal Physiology 2
PHS223 Endocrinology & Reproduction 3
PHS224 Temperature Regulation 1
TOTAL CREDIT FOR THE YEAR………………………47
- The Gross Anatomy lectures are associated with the dissection of the relevant regions.
- ALL COURSES ARE CORE
THIRD YEAR (300L) COURSES FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF ANATOMY
COURSE TITLE COURSE
ANT311 Gross Anatomy of Head & Neck 3
ANT312 Systemic Histology II 3
ANT313 Systemic Embryology II 3
ANT314 Neuroanatomy I 2
PHS312 Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System
PHS313 Autonomic and Neurophysiology 3
CED300 Introduction to Theory and Practice of
BOT315 Biostatistics 2
COURSE TITLE COURSE
ANT320 Instrumentation 2
ANT321 Functional Anatomy of Limbs 2
ANT322 Relevant Laboratory Techniques 3
ANT323 History of Anatomy & Medical Genetics 3
ANT324 Gross Anatomy of Cranial Nerves and
Autonomic Nervous System
ANT325 Neuroanatomy II 2
PCO320 Introductory Pharmacology 2
MMB321 Introductory Microbiology 1
MBC320 Clinical Biochemistry 3
TOTAL CREDIT FOR THE YEAR……………………40
FOURTH YEAR (400L) COURSES FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF ANATOMY
COURSE TITLE COURSE
ANT411 Gross Anatomy (Prosection) I 6
ANT412 Cell Biology I 3
ANT413 Histochemistry & Cytochemistry 3
ANT414 Functional Anatomy of Thorax &
COURSE TITLE COURSE
ANT421 Gross Anatomy (Prosection) II 4
ANT422 Systemic Embryology III – Review 3
ANT423 Cell Biology II 3
ANT424 Systemic Histology III 3
ANT425 Research Project & Viva 6
ANT426 Seminar Presentation 2
TOTAL CREDIT FOR THE YEAR………………………36
A SUMMARY OF THE LOAD FOR THE PROGRAMME
LEVEL 100 200 300 400 TOTAL
CREDITS 50 47 40 36 173
SECOND YEAR COURSES
ANT210: GENERAL ANATOMY AND GROSS ANATOMY OF THE UPPER
LIMBS (2 Credits)
The general descriptive terms as used in the study of the human body would be
introduced. The techniques used to study the human body would also be introduced.
The normal anatomical position and directional movement of body parts would be
The gross anatomy of the upper limbs: pectoral region, Axilla, Brachial plexus,
scapular region, brachium, carpal tunnel, Hand, Nerve injuries, oseteo-logy and joint
of the upper limb, the vascular anastomosis and lymphatic drainage of the breast and
upper limb would be studied.
ANT211: GROSS ANATOMY OF THORAX(2 Credits)
Description of the thorax: The sternum and ribs, thoracic vertebrae, Heart and great
vessels, thoracic duct, dissection of the entire thoracic region, Azygos system of vein,
intercostal spaces, Mediastinum, lungs bronchiopulmonary tree and segments,
thoracic diaphragm, Aorta and respiratory movement.
ANT212: BASIC HISTOLOGY AND CYTOLOGY (2 Credits)
Description: Structure and the function of the cell, general histology basic tissues of
the body. Preparation of tissues for microscopy is a practical oriented course that is
studied along side with the theoretically based lecture.
ANT213: GENERAL EMBRYOLOGY (2 Credits)
Gametogenesis, fertilization, implantation, cleavage, the morula, the blastocyst
formation of the primitive streak, the Bilaminar and trilaminar germ disc.
Development of tissues and organ systems of the embryo, the chorionic and amniotic
cavities, foetal membranes, placental formation and functions. Birth defects,
chromosomal and factors. Twins and twin defects, general characteristics of the
embryonic environment and foetal periods.
MBC210: INTRODUCTORY BIOCHEMISTRY (2 Credits)
Short history and Definition of Biochemistry. Importance of Biochemistry to medicine
and other scientific disciplines. The living cell. Organization and Molecular
architecture. Types of cells and their characteristics. Structure and organization of
Biological membranes. Biomolecules and the origin of life. Chemistry of Biomolecules.
Carbohydrates Classification, structure, distribution and functional role of named
examples. Chemical properties and reactions. Essential fatty acids, Eicosanoids, fat- soluble vitamins –Structure and functions. Peptide bonds and hierarchy of protein
structure Nucleic acids. RNA and DNA. Structure/function of enzymes. Zymogens.
Active site and specificity of enzymes. Inhibition and Activation of enzymes. Factors
affecting enzyme catalyses reaction. Allosteric enzymes. Isoenzymes. The Concepts of
Avitaminoses, Hypovitaaminoses and Antivitamins. Vitamins and their Co-enzyme
function. Biomedical importance of vitamins.
MBC211: INTRODUCTORY ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES (2 Credits)
Measuring techniques in cell fractionation, Chromatography, Spectrophotometry,
Electrophoresis and Calorimetry. Methods of studying the cell. Microscopy,
histochemistry and cytochemistry. Autoradiography Vs. Scintillation counting. Cell
fractionation methods including differential Centrifugation and Gradient
centrifugation. Molecular hybridization including Paul Doty experiments. Acids, and
bases. Buffers and buffer systems. Henderson Hassel Bach equation. Titration curves
of acids and bases. End point indicators, Zwitterions, isoelectric pH and nucleic acid
PHS211: INTRODUCTORY AND GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY (2 Credits)
Cell physiology, Physiochemical principles, Body fluids and Blood transport: Control
systems. Excitable and contractile Cells. Introduction to ANS.
PHS212: BLOOD AND BODY FLUID PHYSIOLOGY (2 Credits)
Introduction and definition of body fluids and body fluid compartments. Regulation
of body fluid volumes. Physiological variation of body fluid volumes. Techniques for
quantifying various body fluid volumes.
Blood: Functions of blood and classifications of blood cells. Erythropoiesis. Haematological indices. Haemoglobin genotype and Blood groups. Immunology and
PHS213: CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM (2 Credits)
Definition and functions of the cardiovascular system, Cardiac muscle, Cardiac
myoelectrophysiology, cardiac cycle, Circulation of blood: cardiac output and
regulation. Blood pressure. Haemodynamics and microcirculation. Pulmonary,
Cerebral, Coronary, Splanchnic and muscle circulation, Shock and cardiovascular
changes in exercise.
PHS214: RESPIRATORY SYSTEM(2 Credits)
Definition and functions of the respiratory system, Physiologic anatomy of the
respiratory system. Respiratory dynamics and work. Pulmonary ventilation: Lung
volumes and capacities, Spirometry. Mechanism and mechanics of breathing, Lung
surfactant, pulmonary circulation. Gas exchange and Gas transport. Oxygen
Haemoglobin dissociation curve. Hypoxia and Dyspnoea. Respiratory changes in
exercise and barometric changes. Control of breathing.
ANT220: GROSS ANATOMY OF THE ABDOMEN, PELVIS AND PERINEUM (2
Abdomen: subdivision of the abdominal region and their applied anatomy, Anterior
Abdominal wall, inguinal region, posterior abdominal wall, stomach, spleen, liver,
gall bladder, pancreas, small and large intestine, celiac trunk, biliary apparatus, intra
and supra colic compartment and recesses, appendix renal and suprarenal gland,
dissection of the entire abdominal region for proper understanding of the entire
Pelvis & perineum: pelvic cavity wall and diaphragm. Urinary bladder, uterus, ovary,
etc). Perineum, boundaries and subdivisions. Perineal pouches, external and internal
genitalia, ischiorectal fossas. General dissection of the pelvis and perineal region.
ANT221: GROSS ANATOMY OF THE LOWER LIMBS (2 Credits)
The lower limb lumbar and lumbosacral plexus, femoral triangle, thigh, gluteal region,
leg, foot, nerves injury and their applied anatomy. Popliteal fossa, Ankle joints, Arch
of the foot, Osteology and joints of the lower limb. Vascular Anastomosis and
lymphatic drainage of the lower limb. The theoretical aspect to go along side with the
dissection of these regions in cadaver.
ANT222: SYSTEMIC HISTOLOGY 1 (3 Credits)
Systemic histology of cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal tract and
ANT223: SYSTEMIC EMBRYOLOGY 1 (3 Credits)
The diaphragm, the cardiovascular, respiratory and gastro intestines systems.
Development of the adrenal gland, the liver, the pancreas and the spleen. The
urogenital, musculo-skeletal and integumentary system. The limbs, the molecular
regulation and associated developmental anomalies of the systems.
MBC220: CARBOHYDRATE AND LIPID METABOLISM (3 Credits)
Structural inter-relationships of sugars. Stereochemistry of sugars. Hexoses, Pentoses,
Disaccharides, Starch, Glycogen, and Polysaccharides. Methods of identifying sugars.
Carbohydrate metabolism. Digestion and absorption. Glycolysis and control of
Glycolysis. TCA Cycle and Pentose Phosphate pathway. Glyoxylate Pathway.
Gluconeogenesis, Glycogenolysis and Glycogenesis. Mitochondrail electron transport
chain and Oxidative Phosphorylation. Energy generation and storage in Biological
Disorders of Carbohydrate Metabolism. The pyruvate and α–Ketoglutarate complexes
and their regulation. Metabolism of lipids. Digestion and absorption. Role of
Lipoproteins in lipid transport. Metabolism of lipoprotein in health and disease.
Triacylglycerol oxidation and oxidation of fatty acids. Storage and mobilization of
energy stores in adipocytes. Ketone bodies and Ketosis.
Interrelationship of fatty acid and carbohydrate biosynthesis/oxidation. Biological
importance of Eicosanoids. glycolipids and sphingolipids. The Chemistry and
metabolism of Steroids and Steroid hormones.
MBC223: AMINO ACID AND PROTEIN METABOLISM (3 Credits)
Structure of amino acids. Peptide bonds. Metabolism and transport of amino acids and
proteins. Digestion and absorption. Gammaglutamyl cycle. Detailed treatment of
mechanism of deamination, transamination. Glutamate Dehydrogenase, Glutamate
and Glutamine synthesis. The biochemical and clinical importance of these enzymes.
Fate of Carbon skeleton. Urea cycle. The concepts of nitrogen balance. Nitrogen
turnover in cells. Degradation of amino acids. Ketogenic and glucogenic amino acids.
Aromatic acid degradation and inborn errors of metabolism, metabolism of uric acid.
Integration and Compartmentation in intermediary metabolism. Metabolism of one
MBC225: PROTEIN CHEMISTRY AND ENZYMOLOGY (3 Credits)
A review of the Structural Characteristic of proteins. Determination of N and C
terminal amino acid. Amino acid sequence and sulphide bridges. Determination of
Protein Structure by X-ray Crystallography. Biological functions of proteins. The
oxygen transporting proteins (haemoglobin and myoglobin), connective tissue
protein. Collagen and Elastin. Structure/function relationships.
Enzymes. Isolation and Purification from animals, plants and microorganisms.
Zymogens and Isoenzymes. Characteristics of enzymes. Kinectics of enzyme catalysed
reaction. Allosterism. Importance of enzymology in Medicine. Coenzymes and
relationships to vitamins.
PHS221: RENAL PHYSIOLOGY (2 Credits)
Definition and functions of the kidney. Physiologic anatomy of the kidney.
Glomerular filtration. Tubular functions. Urine formation:- Dilute and concentrated
urine. Counter current mechanism, Plasma clearance, renal autoregulation, ECF
regulation, Acid-Base balance, Renin-Angiotensin system.
PHS222: GASTROINTESTINAL PHYSIOLOGY (2 Credits)
Definition and functions, Physiologic anatomy and Innervations of the GIT,
Mastication, Deglutition, Salivary gland, Digestion and food absorption, Movement
and Stomach emptying, Movements of the GIT, Vomiting and defecation, GIT
secretions and juices, Liver and General metabolism (BMR).
PHS223: ENDOCRINOLOGY AND REPRODUCTION (3 Credits)
Definition and functions, Definition of Hormones, Methods of Measurement, Types
and mechanism of Actions, Regulation, Physiologic anatomy, Hypothalamo- Hypothalamic releasing factors, Hypothalamic Nuclei, Hypothalamo-hypophyseal
system, Pituitary gland, Tropic Hormones, GIT and other local hormones.
Structure and functions of male and female reproductive organs, Androgens,
Spermatogenesis and fertility. Infertility in male. Monogenesis, Sexual cycle and
hormonal regulations. Fertilization, Pregnancy and Parturition, Fertility and infertility
in female. Family planning.
PHS224: TEMPERATURE REGULATION (1 Credit)
Body temperature and the environment, Mechanisms of heat Exchange, peripheral
thermoreceptors, central thermoreceptors, hyperthermia, and hypothermia, Fever,
heat Exhaustion and Heat stroke.
ANT311: GROSS ANATOMY OF HEAD AND NECK (3 Credits)
Skull, scalp and the face. Side of the Neck cervical fascia, posterior and anterior
triangle of the neck, back of the Neck, cranial cavities, temporal and infratemporal
regions, parotid region, submandibular region, deep structures of the neck, thyroid
and parathyroid glands, oral cavity, pharynx and larynx, nasal cavity, Ear and orbit
ANT312: SYSTEMIC HISTOLOGY II(3 Credits)
Microscopic anatomy of the brain and spinal cord. Microscopic history of the lungs,
trachea, bronchus and alveoli.
ANT313: SYSTEMIC EMBRYOLOGY II (3 Credits)
Embryology of the respiratory system. Development of the face, the palate, the
sinuses, the thyroid, pituitary and pineal glands. The teeth, development of the central
and peripheral nervous systems.Develpoment of the eye and ear. The molecular
regulation and associated developmental anomalies of the organs and systems.
ANT314: NEUROANATOMY I (2 Credits)
Coverings of the brain and spinal cord. Forebrain, midbrain and hindbrain.
Ventricular systems, production and flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), Ascending and
descending tracts in the brain and spinal cord, External and internal structures of brain
and spinal cord, structures and pathways in the brainstem and spinal cord.
PHS312: HYPOTHALAMO-HYPOPHYSEAL SYSTEM PHYSIOLOGY (2 Credits)
Diagrammatic illustration of the relationship between the hypothalamus and the
pituitary gland. Physiologic morphology of the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland
(anterior and posterior pituitary). Development (embryology) of the hypothalamo
pituitary axis. Histology of the hypothalamo-pituitary axis
Cell types of the anterior pituitary gland – functions, distribution and staining
characteristics. Blood supply of the hypothalamo-pituitary axis. Hypothalmo- hypophyseal portal system. Nervous pathways of the hypothalamo-hypophyseal axis.
Hypothalamo-hypophyseal nerve tract. Functions of the hypothalamus.
Hypothalamic neurohormones and their functions. Hormones of the Posterior
pituitary gland – site and mechanism of synthesis, transport, storage and release.
Feedback mechanisms in the hypothalamo-hypophyseal system.
PHS313: AUTONOMIC AND NEUROPHYSIOLOGY (3 Credits)
Physiologic anatomy of the ANS. Functions of the ANS, Difference and Similarities
between ANS and somatic nervous system. Divisions of the ANS. Characteristics of
the Sympathetic and the Parasympathetic system. Similarities and differences. ANS
effects on major organs of the body, Pharmacology of the ANS, ANS reflexes and
Classification of Nerves, Sensory organs and receptors, Modalities of sensations.
Reflexes:-reflex arc, act and action. Myotatic reflexes, postural reflexes, Mono and
polysynaptic reflexes. Organization of the Nervous system, Spinal cord. Brain stem
and the Brain and localization of functions, Sensory and Motor Tracts. Pyramidal and
Extra Pyramidal Tracts. Basal ganglia, Thalamus and Hypothalamus, Cerebellum,
Testicular formation and Limbic system, Alertness, Sleep, Memory and learning.
CED300: INTRODUCTION TO THEORY AND PRACTICE OF
ENTREPRENEURSHIP (2 credits)
You as an Entrepreneur, Getting started. Selecting the legal forms of business.
Discovering Business Opportunities. The legal framework for the Entrepreneur.
Government policies and Entrepreneurial activities, Ethical Issues in business,
financing a new venture. Sources marketing your product and services Employing
people, Establishing and maintaining Accounting Records. Budgeting for Control.
BOT315: BIOSTATISTICS (2 Credits)
Population and samples, Probability distribution, Normal Poison and Binomial
distribution, Mean, Standard error, Standard deviation, skewness, Chi-test, Student
tests, F-distribution, Regression, Correlation coefficient and Analysis of variance (one
way and two ways).
ANT320: INSTRUMENTATION (2 credits)
Students are to be taught and shown all equipment used in research and techniques
in Anatomy available in the department. These includes microscopes and types,
microtome and types, cryostat, tissue processor, scanning/transmission microscopes,
Also, equipment used in applied anatomy research such as x-ray, ultrasonogram and
others used in Histopathology and related fields are to be shown to the students with
exposure to practical and theoretical baiss of the use and functions of these equipment.
It may require field work to expose the students.
ANT321: FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY OF LIMBS(2 Credits)
Clinical application of knowledge of gross anatomy of the limbs as studied by
dissection of cadaver to clinical medicine. Anatomy of common surgical exposure,
outline clinical procedures associated with the limbs.
ANT322: RELEVANT LABORATORY TECHNIQUES (3 Credits)
It comprises of laboratory sections and lecture on histological techniques, fixation and
staining techniques, photo microscopy, tissue preparation and embalming techniques.
ANT323: HISTORY OF ANATOMY AND MEDICAL GENETICS(3 Credits)
Brief and basic history of Anatomy. Men that has contributed to the development of
anatomy (herophillus, erasistratus, leanardo Da Vinci, Andrea Vesalius, William
Harvey, fabricus, Galen etc) and their contributions. Introduction to medical genetics,
Heritable and non-heritable characteristics, Patterns of inheritance. Human
Chromosomas, Cytogenetic and karyotyping.
ANT324: GROSS ANATOMY OF CRANIAL NERVES AND AUTONOMIC
NERVOUS SYSTEM(2 Credits)
It deals with the proper study of the twelve cranial nerves. Their Nuclei of origin,
course, distribution and clinical importance of these cranial nervous. The visceral
nervous system will be considered. Detail of the sympathetic and parasympathetic
nervous system based on their origin, course, distribution and their anatomical,
physiological, and pharmacological differences will also be studied.
ANT325:NEUROANATOMY II (2credits)
A more detailed study of the coverings of the brain and spinal cord. Forebrain,
midbrain and hindbrain. Ventricular systems, production and flow of cerebrospinal
fluid (CSF), Ascending and descending tracts in the brain and spinal cord, External
and internal structures of brain and spinal cord, structures and pathways in the
brainstem and spinal cord.
PCO320: INTRODUCTORY PHARMACOLOGY (2 Credits)
History of Pharmacology and its development. Introduction to pharmacokinetics;
drug absorption and bioavailability. Drug metabolism, pharmacogenetics. Effects of
disease on drug kinetics. Drug in pregnancy and the extreme age. Pharmacodynamics;
dose-response relationships, LD50 ED50 and TD50. Therapeutic index; introduction of
new drugs, clinical trials; adverse drug reactions and adverse reaction surveillance.
MMB321: INTRODUCTORY MICROBIOLOGY (1 Credit)
History, morphology, growth and nutrition. Classification and identification of
bacteria. Bacterial genetics, bacteriophages, viruses, infection and resistance to
infection. Sterilization and disinfection. Antimicrobial agents. Introduction parasites
MBC320: CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY (3 Credits)
Pancreatic function tests – to include secretion and pancreozymin stimulation tests.
Glucose tolerance test, insulin sensitivity test, estimation of amylase, Estimation of the
activity of trypsin in duodenal contents, gastric function tests to include HCl secretion,
histamine and augmented histamine tests. Fractional and tubeless test meals.
Instestinal absorption test, Vitamin absorption test, the Congo red test for amyloidosis
and faecal fat estimations. Diseases of the muscle. Lipidaemias, hyper and hypolio- proteinemia – definition, causes and investigation.
Physiology of the kidney, renal clearance. Urea clearance, creatinine and inulin
clearances. Concentration and dilution tests. lmpairment of renal failures. Azotaemia.
Anurial. Sodium loss in renal diseases.liver function tests. Jaundice types and pigment
excretion in jaundice; urine and Blood urea ammonia. Urinalysis. parproteinaemia,
Bounce Jones proteinuria and its Significance.
ANT411: GROSS ANATOMY (PROSECTION) I (6 Credits)
A general over view of the upper limb, lower: Limb, thorax, abdomen, pelvis and
perineal regions in both theoretical and practical demonstration by every student in
ANT412: CELL BIOLOGY I (3 Credits)
Practical and theoretical oriented course on the cell, tissue, organ and systemic cell
biology will be studied. Mechanism and current evolutional trend comparative
anatomy and choice of experimental animal will also be considered.
ANT413: HISTOCHEMISTRY AND CYTOCHEMISTRY(3 Credits)
Cytochemical and histochemical background and its importance. Basic equipment and
techniques used in carbohydrate, protein & lipids histochemistry, pigments
histochemistry, Enzyme histochemistry and procedures employed.