DEPARTMENT OF OPHTHALMOLOGY
ACADEMIC STAFF

S/N NAMES STATUS QUALIFICATIONS
1 Prof. J. O. Ayanru (Emeritus Professor)

  1. Prof. (Mrs.) O. M. Uhumwmangho (HOD) Professor MBBS, FMC(Oph), FWACS, FVRS
  2. Prof. (Mrs.) A. I. Osahon Professor MBBS, DO, FMC(Oph), FWACS, FICS
  3. Prof. O.A. Dawodu Professor MBBS, FMC(Oph), FWACS, FICS
  4. Prof. (Mrs.) O. T. Edema Professor MBBS, FMC(Oph), FWACS, FICS
  5. Prof. (Mrs.) C. U. Ukponmwan Professor MBBS, FMC(Oph), FWACS, FICS
  6. Prof. M. J. M. Waziri-Erameh Professor MBBS, FMC(Oph), FWACS, FICS
  7. Prof. A. E. Omoti Professor MBBS, FMC(Oph), FWACS
  8. Dr. (Mrs.) V. B. Osaguona Associate Professor B.Sc, M.B.CH.B, ,FWACS
  9. Dr. (Mrs.) V. W. Okeigbemen Associate Professor B.M.B.Ch, FMC(Oph), FWACS
  10. Dr. (Mrs.) R. O. Momoh Senior Lecturer MBBS, FWACS, FMC(Oph), M.Sc
    12 Dr. (Mrs) D.H Kayoma Lecturer I MBBS,FWACS
    13 Dr. (Mrs) J.N.Ese-Onakewhor Lecturer I MBBS, FWACS
    NON-ACADEMIC STAFF

S/N NAMES STATUS QUALIFICATIONS

  1. V.N Eteri (Mrs) Prin. Executive Officer I DPA, B.Sc
  2. N. Nwoga (Mr) Prin. Executive Officer II B.Sc
  3. M. Benson (Mrs) Admin. Assistant B.Sc

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT
The Department of Ophthalmology was established as an autonomous department in 1979, as it was previously under the Department of Surgery. Since then, the department has been involved in research, intensive training of medical students, postgraduate doctors and ophthalmic nurses and the provision of eye care. Medical students used to rotate through the department for a period of two (2) weeks per group. The posting is now fifteen (15) weeks long with each batch spending three (3) weeks in Ophthalmology. This rotation is normally done throughout the 500 level.

STAFF STRENGTH
The staff strength in Ophthalmology has improved over the years. Currently we have six Professors, One Associate Professor, three Senior Lecturers and two Lecturer 1. The number of lecturers is justified by the number of sub-specialties in Ophthalmology. We now have sub-specialists in Anterior Segment/Cornea, Neuro-Ophthalmology, Glaucoma, Vitro-retina, Paediatric Ophthalmology, Community and Preventive Ophthalmology and Oculoplastic. This sub-specialization is reflected in the tutorials and lectures given to the students.

ACADEMIC ATMOSPHERE
Seminars/tutorials and formal lectures are organized for the students during ophthalmology posting. End of posting examination are given and these form part of the continuous assessment for the main general surgery examination. Attendance lists are taken during posting to ensure full participation of students during their sub-specialty posting. After the posting, the student with the best result in selected and awarded the Professor Ayanru’s prize for best student in Ophthalmology on graduation.

EXAMINATION
Questions in Ophthalmology take the form of multiple choice questions, essay, clinical examination and OSCE. These form part of the general surgery examination. Ophthalmology being a surgical specialty conducts examination jointly with the Department of Surgery even though now an independent department.
The course content includes formal lectures on common eye problems, clinic attendance during which patients are clerked and examined and they are made to present them. They are exposed to various clinical materials as a way of sharpening their clinical acumen. They come into the theatre and participate in the operating sessions. Sometimes they are made to participate in some surgeries.
Since the establishment of this department the performance has been good. There is no doubt, however, that the economic downturn with its attendant problems, inability to mend broken down equipment or purchase new ones, and lack of research materials have affected output by Lecturers. However, we still manage to meet our obligation to undergraduate and postgraduate students that rotate through the department.

OPHTHALMOLOGY
OPH 508: Disorders of the Eye and Vision (2 Credits)

COURSE DESCRIPTION: Ophthalmology lectures are given throughout fifth year.
These lectures include:
Introduction to Ophthalmology, Ocular anatomy, physiology and pathology: lids, orbit, eyeball and extraocular muscles. The visual pathway and pupillary reflexes. Accommodation and its anomalies. Eyeball: conjunctiva, cornea, lens, uveal tract, retina, optic nerve. Diseases: conjunctival and corneal diseases conjunctivitis, ulcers, degenerations – pinguecula, pterygium. Lens – cataract. Uveal tract –uveitis. Optic nerve – neuritis, atrophy. Glaucoma. The painful eye, the eye in diabetes mellitus, hypertension, myasthenia gravis, Onchocerciasis, Trachoma Leprosy measles sicke cell disease, vitamin A deficiency. Intraocular infections: Panophthalmiltis, endophthalmitis, orbital cellulitis and methods of eye ball removal. Refractive errors and low vision. Ocular malignancies: Lid conjunctiva, retinoblastoma, uveal tract tumors’. Squint and Amblyopia. Ocular trauma. Ocular therapeutics. Blindness – causation and prevention. Opthalmic evaluation – history taking basic eye examination and investigations in Opthalmology.

AREAS OF TRAINING IN OPHTHALMOLOGY NOT CURRENTLY CAPTURED IN THE PRESENT CURRICULUM
CLINICAL OPHTHALMOLOGY
OBJECTIVES: At the end of the course in Ophthalmology, the student should have a acquired the knowledge skill and ability that will enable him/her to:
Assess and record the visual acuity of a co-operative patient
Examine a fundus with a view to distinguishing between a normal and pathological optic disc.
Recognize and describe the treatment of common ocular disorders.
The students undergo a fifteen (15) weeks rotation where each batch spends three (3) weeks in Ophthalmology. During this posting, lectures and tutorials on selected topics in Ophthalmology are given which are different from those specified in OPH 508. More detailed coverage on management of cataract, red eye, glaucoma, ocular infections, retinal disorders, paediatric ophthalmology and neurology. Clinical case presentations, ward clerking and management of various ophthalmic problems are emphasized to enable the student recognize and manage such conditions independently and know when to refer to the eye specialist as appropriate. Students also come into the theatre and participate in the operating sessions. Sometimes they are made to participate in some surgeries.

  1. IDP 550
    Students are free to choose Ophthalmology for their electives. During this electives, they are exposed to further clinical training in Ophthalmology. This is important because the three (3) weeks allocated is not enough to have an adequate grasp of clinical Ophthalmology. 3 SUG 612 (10 CREDITS)
    Here, revision lectures and tutorials are done in Ophthalmology different from those indicated in OPH 508 to prepare the students for the final Surgery examination. Ophthalmology questions form part of the multiple choice, essay questions, clinical examination and OSCE. Ophthalmology Lecturers participate fully in the final examination in surgery.

DEPARTMENT OF PATHOLOGY
(Anatomic Pathology and Forensic Medicine)
ACADEMIC STAFF

S/N NAMES STATUS QUALIFICATIONS
1 Prof. A. N. Olu-Edo Professor MBBS, FWACP
2 Prof. V. J. Ekanem Professor MBBCH, MSc, MHPM, FMCPath, FCPath(ECSA)
3 Prof. D. E. Obaseki Professor MBBS, FMCPath
4 Prof. (Mrs.) E. E. Ugiagbe Professor MBBS, FMCPath,
5 Dr. (Mrs) M. O. Udoh Lecturer I MBBS, FMCPath,
6 Dr. G. D. Forae Lecturer I MBBS, FMCPath,
7 Dr. I. Obahiagbon Lecturer I MBBS, FMCPath,
8 Dr. I. D. Eradebamwen Lecturer I MBBS, FMCPath,

LABORATORY STAFF

S/N NAMES STATUS QUALIFICATIONS

  1. Mr D.N Osaghae Med. Lab. Scientist BMLS
  2. Mr U.E. Bazuaye Technologist II HND (Elect/Elect)
  3. O. Itulua (Miss) Head Lab. Attendant SSCE, GCE
  4. H. Olorunfunmilayo (Miss) Lab. Attendant SSCE, Cert. in Computer, WAEC

ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF

S/N NAMES STATUS QUALIFICATIONS

  1. O.S. Oboh (Mrs.) Principal Exec. Officer II WASC, GCE, Bsc (Acct)
  2. H. Olaye (Mrs.) Cleaner Primary Six Certificate

Brief History
Pathology is a very diversified and all-embracing subject. It comprises Morbid Anatomy (Pathology), microbiology, haematology and chemical pathology}, which are distinct disciplines themselves.
Anatomic Pathologists work in close concert with clinical colleagues, providing consultancy service to surgeons, physicians, paediatricians, general practitioners, obstetricians and gynaecologists. Effective provision of histopathological services is predicated upon clear mutual two-way communication between the pathologist and his or her clinical colleagues, which engenders the provision of timely, accurate and high quality service by the pathologist.
For a long time after its inception in 1972, the pathology division remained as one department under one administrative headship. Pathology along with the other arms that make up the pathology division became separate autonomous and full-fledged departments in June 1979 in order to make room for the much desired growth and development of the discipline.
The pioneer head of the department was Dr. Elassi, and subsequent heads of the department are: Prof. Ambrose Alli, Dr. Aghahowa, Prof. E. G. Olisa, Prof. J.U. Aligbe, Prof. Olu-Eddo, Prof. V.J. Ekanem, Dr D.E. Obaseki and Dr. E.E. Ugiagbe.

Aims and Objectives
At the end of the course in anatomic pathology and forensic medicine, the student should have acquired the knowledge, skills and abilities that will enable him to:

  1. Describe the gross structural and functional changes produced by disease in the human body.
  2. Describe the microscopic changes in tissues and organs of the human body induced by disease in so far as these changes aid in explaining the disturbances of functions or die nature of the disease process.
  3. Describe the aetiological factors of these pathological changes.
  4. Obtain samples for histological, cytological, chemical, microbiological, haematological and other testes, identify abnormalities and derangements from the normal range and discuss their probable significance.
  5. Perform the common diagnostic laboratory procedures performed in a side laboratory by a general medical practitioner working alone.
  6. Perform autopsy on the human body, identify probable causes of death, and obtain material to be sent for further specialist tests.
  7. Describe the morphological appearance (gross and microscopic), staining properties, metabolic activities, virulence, routes of entrance to the human body, mode of action, sensitivity and resistance of microorganism and parasites and adverse drug reaction causing diseases with special reference to disease.

Staff Strength

  1. Prof. V.J. Ekanem (Head of Dept)
  2. Prof. (Mrs.) A. N. Olu-Eddo
  3. Prof. D. E. Obaseki (Professor)
  4. Dr. E.E. Ugiagbe (Associate Professor)
  5. Dr. (Mrs.) M. O. Udoh (Lecturer I)
  6. Dr. G.D. Forae (Lecturer I)
  7. Dr. Ikponmwosa Obahigbon (Lecturer I)
  8. Dr. I.D. Eradebamwen (Lecturer I)

Course Structure
The discipline of Anatomic Pathology (Morbid Anatomy and Histopathology) is a specialization of Pathology that uses the knowledge of the mechanisms of disease to diagnose disorders based on the interpretation of gross and microscopic techniques in both the living and the dead. The Anatomic Pathology Department provides services for virtually all other specialists in a teaching hospital setting. Thus with the fundamental knowledge of medicine, they are able to interact and participate in patients’ management through clinicopathology and surgical pathology meetings.

Course Description
The course is to be given at 400 level, starting with IDP of 8 weeks duration and in two semesters.

1st Semester
Lectures – PATH 301 (3 units)
Practical – PATH 302 (3 units)
Tutorial – PATH 303 (2 units)

PATH 301: General Pathology
Introduction. The cell. Aetiology of disease. Inflammation. Repairs. Degeneration. Cell death. Haernodynamics and vitamins/ nutrition disorders. Infectious disorders. Neoplasias. Immunology & immunopa-thology. Genetics/childhood disorders.

2nd Semester
Lectures – PATH 401 (3 units)
Practical – PATH 402 (3 units)
Tutorial – PATH 403 (2 units)
Forensic – PATH 403 (2 units)

PATH 401: Systemic Pathology
Cardiovascular disorders. Respiratory system disorders. Digestive system disorders. Urogenital system disorders. Central nervous system a peripheral. Nerve disorders. Endocrine system disorders. Haematological disorders. Reticuloendothelial system including spleen disorders. Osseous system disorders. Skin disorders. Ageing disorders. Environmental/occupational.

Forensic Medicine/Pathology
Practicals
The practicals and tutorials are given during the period of posting. Students learn the principles of the commonly used laboratory procedure in histopathology and cytology and as well be instructed in postmortem examination techniques including Coroner’s autopsy. Students are expected to take active part in contributing to the reaching of pathology within the clinical subjects. Attend a minimum of twenty autopsies, assist in five and write-up five. The practical in forensic medicine/pathology will include, apart from instruction in post-mortem examinations, clinical aspects of forensic medicine in general practice setting and medico-legal presentation of medical evidence in the courts.

MBBS CURRICULUM FOR MORBID ANATOMY
Course No. Credit Short Course Description Pre-requisite
Semester 2
MAN326 3 General Pathology Anatomy
Semester 1
MAN415 2 Systemic Pathology Practical I
MAN416 1 Systemic Pathology Lectures I
Semester 2
MAN426 1 Pathology Practicals II
Semester I
MAN516 1 Systemic Pathology Lectures III
Semester 2
MAN522 1 Systemic Practicals III
MAN526 1 Systemic Pathology Lectures IV
&ForensicMedicine